South Korea set to launch first spy satellite with SpaceX

Seoul, South Korea - South Korea will launch its first military spy satellite early Saturday on a SpaceX rocket, Seoul's defense ministry said, intensifying a space race on the peninsula after Pyongyang launched its first military eye in the sky last month.

South Korea is set to launch its first military satellite after North Korea did so last month.
South Korea is set to launch its first military satellite after North Korea did so last month.  © 123RF/diy13

Seoul's reconnaissance satellite, carried by one of Elon Musk's SpaceX Falcon 9 rockets, will lift off from the Vandenberg US Space Force Base in California at 3:19 Seoul time, a defense ministry official told reporters on Friday.

SpaceX released a photo of its Falcon 9 rocket erected vertically on the launch pad with the letters "KOREA" emblazoned across it.

If it is successfully put into orbit, South Korea will have acquired its first domestically-built spy satellite to monitor nuclear-armed North Korea.

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Seoul plans to launch four additional spy satellites by the end of 2025 to bolster its reconnaissance capacity over the North.

Set to orbit between around 250 and 370 miles above the earth, Seoul's satellite is capable of detecting an object as small as "30 centimetres" (11.8 inches), according to the Yonhap news agency.

"Considering resolution and its capacity for Earth observation... our satellite technology ranks in the top five globally," the defense ministry official said, as quoted by Yonhap.

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North Korea launches rocket carrying a spy satellite Malligyong-1.
North Korea launches rocket carrying a spy satellite Malligyong-1.  © KCNA via REUTERS

The launch comes less than two weeks after Pyongyang had successfully put its own spy satellite into orbit.

"Until now, South Korea has relied heavily on US-run spy satellites" when it comes to monitoring the North, Choi Gi-il, professor of military studies at Sangji University told AFP.

While the South has "succeeded in the launch of a military communications satellite, it has taken much longer for a reconnaissance satellite due to higher technological hurdles," he said.

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Following the North's successful launch of its own spy satellite, Choi said, "the South Korean government needs to demonstrate it can also pull this off."

Experts have said putting a working reconnaissance satellite into orbit would improve North Korea's intelligence-gathering capabilities, particularly over South Korea, and provide crucial data in any military conflict.

Since last week's launch, the North has claimed its new eye in the sky has provided images of major US and South Korean military sites, as well as photos of the Italian capital Rome.

It has not yet disclosed any of the satellite imagery it claims to possess.

Last week's launch of the Malligyong-1 was Pyongyang's third attempt at putting such a satellite in orbit, after two failures in May and August.

Seoul has said the North received technical help from Moscow, in return for supplying weapons for use in Russia's war with Ukraine.

Cover photo: 123RF/diy13

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